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  /  About Cameroon
What you have to know

About Cameroon .

Cameroon, also called “Africa in miniature” is located in Central Africa, at juncture of the Gulf of Guinea, slightly above the Equator, and extends from Lake Chad to the Atlantic Coast. It is bordered by Chad to the North, the Central African Republic to the East, Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the South and Nigeria to the West. Covering an area of 472,442 sq. km, Cameroon has several large cities, including: Yaoundé, the country’s political capital with a population of nearly two million, is 250 km from the coast and 700 m above sea level and Douala, the economic capital, which has nearly three million inhabitants. It includes the country’s main port. There are also the large urban centres of Garoua, Bafoussam, Maroua, Bamenda, Limbe, Kribi, Foumban, Dschang and Kumba.

POPULATION

The current population of Cameroon is 24,724,341 as of Thursday, August 2, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Cameroon’s population density is 52 per Km2 (135 people per mi2) and 57.2 % of the population is urban (14,105,695 people in 2018).

Cameroon has more than 240 tribes which are found in three main ethnic groups; Bantus, Semi-Bantus and Sudanese. The number of national languages spoken in the country is more than 240. The most notable tribes are:

Bantus: Beti, Bassa, Bakundu, Maka, Douala, Pygmies

Semi-Bantus: Bamileke, Gbaya, Bamoun, Tikar.

Sudanese: Fulbe, Mafa, Toupouri, Shoa-Arabs, Moundang, Massa, Mousgoum.

 

LANGUAGES

French and English are the official languages, which are spoken by 70% and 30% of the population respectively. Spanish and German are equally spoken by a few city-dwellers.

 

RELIGIONS

Cameroon is a secular state. Two major religions have followers; Christianity and Islam. Animism is also widely practiced.

 

WEATHER IN YAOUNDE

In April, the temperature varies from 22-300C on average in Yaoundé with 12 hours of daylight and 6 hours of sunshine daily. UV index is very high and humidity averages 68%. Yaounde is located at an altitude of 750 m above sea level. 

 

CURRENCY

CFA franc (XAF). 1 Euro approx. 656 CFA.